http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/issue/feed International Conference on the Teaching English and Literature 2021-03-17T08:37:25+00:00 Dr. Noermanzah, M.Pd. noermanzah@unib.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p><a href="https://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel"><img src="https://ejournal.karinosseff.org/public/site/images/syafryadin2019/cover-icotel---web.jpg" alt="" width="440" height="550" /></a></p> <p>Proceeding International Conference on the Teaching English and Literature: “Developing Creative and Innovative Language Educators of the 21<sup>st</sup> Century”, October 27th, 2020, Bengkulu City, Indonesia, ISBN: 978-623-95206-0-1 (PDF), Publisher: Yayasan Karinosseff Muda Indonesia</p> http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/54 The Effect of Paired Storytelling on the Students’ Speaking Skill 2020-10-31T04:09:49+00:00 Desi Suryani desisuryanipasca@gmail.com <p>A teacher needs an interactive teaching technique. It is needed in order to motivate students to learn and to help them to participate and to understand about the material they learn. The objective of this research is to find out whether there is an effect of paired storytelling to the students’ ability in speaking or not at second grade at SMAN 5 Bengkulu Selatan. This was a quasi-experiment. The population of this research was the the second year students of SMA Negeri 5 Bengkulu Selatan which consisted of 210 students. The sample of this research was the XI IPA 1 (37 students) as the experimental group and the XI IPA 2 (37 students) as the control group. Those represent the population. The treatment was given only for the experimental class. The pre-test was given to the two groups before giving the treatment. The result was t-count in the pre-test was smaller than t-table ((1.09 &lt;1.98). This indicated that the groups were equal ability. For the post-test, in contrast, the t-count was greater than t-table (6.23 &gt; 1.980). this indicated that the paired storytelling technique could give a positive effect to the students’ ability in speaking skill.</p> 2020-11-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Desi Suryani http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/55 The Effect of Combining Metacognitive and Three Steps Interview Strategies on the Students’ Listening Ability 2020-10-31T04:17:07+00:00 ‘Aisyah Nurul Afiefah aisyahafiefah5@gmail.com <p>The objective of this research was to know the significant effect of Combining Metacognitive and Three Steps Interview Strategies on listening ability at the third semester students of English Study Program of Muhammadiyah University of Bengkulu. The design of this research was Quasi Experimental research. The instrument that has been used in this research was listening test. The population of this research was the student in third semester of English study program of Muhammadiyah University of Bengkulu. The sample of this research was 40 students consisted of 20 students as experimental class and 20 students as control class. In analyzing data, researcher used t-test. The result of the study showed that in pre-test the t-count was -,911 and the t-table 2.024. The t-count was lower than the table (-9,11&lt; 2.024). Based on the score it showed that there was increasing scores upon pre-test and post-test .in post-test t-count was 5.649 and the table was 2.024. It showed that t-count was higher than t-table (5.649 &gt; 2.024).&nbsp; In the end of the research, the researcher found in treatment process that students were able to understand and also able to listen the material. It could be seen from the increasing score of listening test and the students’ treatment process. The students felt that the teaching strategies was motivating and interesting. It showed that there was significance effect of applying combining metacognitive and three steps interview strategies to students listening ability.</p> 2020-11-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 ‘Aisyah Nurul Afiefah http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/56 Good Language Learners’ Strategies in Learning English 2020-10-31T12:13:02+00:00 Angga Dwinka anggadwinkaspdi@gmail.com <p>This study was conducted to investigate language learning strategies used by English undergraduate students at English Study Program in STAIN Curup. This study is important because it can discover the specific ways used by good learners in learning English, and the differences of the strategies used by among of the good learners. The classification of strategies in this research adopted from Rebecca Oxford’s taxonomy which is divided strategies into six categories. They are memory strategy, cognitive strategy, compensation strategy, metacognitive strategy, affective strategy, and social strategy. The respondents of this study were six good learning English as their study program in STAIN Curup. They were chosen by using purposive sampling technique. They are two students from second semester, two from third semester, and two from sixth semesters. The data was obtained from observation and interview. The observations were done on two weeks for each good learner’s activities in learning English. In observation the researcher spent his time in the field to investigate the stategies and activities of learning English. The interview used in this research is open-ended interview which consisted of ten questions. To enhance validity and reduce bias, the researcher used triangulation method. The finding revealed that the six good learners generally used all language learning strategies such as memory strategy and social strategy. In implementation of thise strategies, the good learners at hifher semester used cognitive strategy more frequently than do good learners at lower semester. They also created more language opportunities for metacognitive strategy.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-11-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Angga Dwinka http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/62 Study of Book Contents “Writing International Journal Articles In English Rhetoric Style” by Prof. Safnil Arsyad 2020-11-15T13:59:05+00:00 Dian Eka Chandra Wardhana dec.wardhana@unib.ac.id <p>Book studies are used as material to improve and revise the content of writing. Although the additional information is sometimes only in the form of rhetorical structure information. However, when the rhetoric of writing is understood, understanding will flow which leads to a revision of the written content. The data of this research are textbook Writing International Journal Articles in English Rhetoric Style, and completed with interviews. The Data analysis used steps; (1) observation and read data, (2) identifying important information, (3) grouping, (4) interpretation of analysis results, and (5) conclusion. The findings of this study are grouped into two, that is general findings and specific findings. These two findings reinforce the existence of the book, that this book should be read by all academicians who have the desire to publish in international journals. In conclusion, this book is good and must be read by all academicians who are interested in a publication in international journals. As a suggestion, academicians must read this book.</p> 2020-11-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Dian Eka Chandra Wardhana http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/58 Racism Reflected in Colour Blind Novel (1968) By Catherine Cookson: Critical Race Theory 2020-11-01T10:15:56+00:00 Robiah Al Adawiyah Robiahaladawiyah1403@yahoo.com <p>This study discusses the Racism that is reflected in the Novel colour blind (1968) by Catherine Cookson area: critical race theory. Racism systems encompass economic, political, social, and cultural actions, as well believe that institutionalizes and perpetuate an unequal distribution of privileges, resources, and power between white people and people of Color. Racism involves white people and black people. People do discriminate towards white people or another people who have black skin because of their skin; The purpose of this research was to analyze the racism reflected in color blind (1968) Novel by Catherine Cookson area based on critical race theory. Method of data collection is done with documentation and analyzing using Critical Race Theory while the technique of data analysis is a descriptive technique. The main data in this research is character, punctuation, words, phrases, sentences, paragraphs/discourse in novel colour blind.&nbsp; The results of this research are; 1) Indicator lines using critical race theory by Delgado and Stefancic (2001: 101). In the community, 2) describes the racism occur in the novel color blind. Racism already existed long before the main character Rose Angela was born. 3) Reveals the reason why the author in the work of colour blind novel specifically addresses racism color blind published in 1968.</p> 2020-11-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Robiah Al Adawiyah http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/57 Improving Students’ Vocabulary through Word Tail Game 2020-11-01T10:03:09+00:00 Nova Diana novadiana09.bkl@gmail.com Desi Suryani desisuryanipasca@gmail.com <p>This classroom action research aim at finding out whether word tail can improve students’ vocabulary mastery or not. This research was conducted at SMAN 6 Kota Bengkulu to fix the learning problems in the classroom; the students lack in vocabulary. The research was carried out in tenth grade of senior high school by using word tail game with a qualitative approach. The population of this research were sixty six tenth grade students and the sample of this research were thirty two &nbsp;students. The data was collected using observation sheets. Those were observation of students and teacher activities. This research was analyzed by qualitative and quantitative analysis. The research design of this study was Classroom Action Research (CAR) which used three cycles, and each part consisted of four steps; planning, acting, observing and reflecting. The result showed that the cycle one had got the average (69,62), student was able to express more than 5 sentence or close to 6 sentences so it was necessary to increase the number of vocabulary / sentences. The cycle two had got the average (80,44) meant that they could express 7 to 10 sentences. Then it shown that learning English by using the word tail game could improve students’ vocabulary as well as students’ writing and develop their knowledge by applying, reflecting and expanding their learning experience. It could form students' self-confidence because students were directly involved in applying their knowledge.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-11-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Nova Diana, Desi Suryani http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/64 Zoom for BIPA Online Learning during COVID-19 Pandemic 2020-11-16T01:54:21+00:00 Septi Marlini septimarlini@gmail.com <p>During COVID-19 pandemic, process of learning change format to online learning. It is directly instruction by Minister of Education to all elements of education in Indonesia. As a result, BIPA as a subject at English Education Postgraduate Program of FKIP also has to follow the regulation by implementing the online learning.&nbsp; There are many platform is used to support the online learning, zoom is one of the appropriate and the easiest platform to be used. This article provides a number of explanations for zoom as an advantageous platform for BIPA online learning and specifically argues that the challenges of zoom implementation during the covid-19 pandemic. Zoom enables two-way interaction between remote students and teachers with a combination of features that help to support remote or distance learning. Zoom also provides a platform for interactive online learning due to Covid-19 Pandemic.</p> 2020-11-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Septi Marlini http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/65 An Analysis of Metaphoric Expression Found in Rihanna’s Song Lyrics 2020-11-16T02:17:00+00:00 Ameitha Pratiwi ameithapratiwi@gmail.com Safnil safnil@unib.ac.id Arasuli arasuli.msi@gmail.com <p>The research aimed to find out the types of metaphoric expressions in Rihanna's song lyrics. Language is fundamentally metaphorical. The reason for metaphoric in language because the way we think is metaphorical. Metaphors are used to help us to express our perspective. There were six selected songs chosen randomly by the researcher. This research was designed as a descriptive quantitative and qualitative research. In writing this paper, the researcher was used the documentation method to collect the data. The steps were reading and learning the lyrics of the song, selecting the types of metaphors expression in the song lyrics, classifying the data, making the description, and drawing the conclusion. The technique of data analysis was using David Crystal’s theory as the main theory to classify the types of metaphor, namely; conceptual metaphor, poetic metaphor, mixed metaphor, and conventional metaphor. The result of this study showed the type of metaphor that mostly used in the selected song lyrics is a poetic metaphor. The second most typically used is a conventional metaphor. Besides those two metaphors, two metaphors slightly appear in the songs. They are; conceptual metaphor and mixed metaphor. The results show that two metaphors found in all songs and three songs used all types of metaphors.</p> 2020-11-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ameitha Pratiwi, Safnil, Arasuli http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/66 Using Magic Cards to Improve students’ writing ability for Descriptive Text in English Class 2020-11-16T02:56:29+00:00 Fajar Krisitina fajarbengkulu0@gmail.com <p>The aim of the research was to find out how far the improvements of tenth grade students’ skills were in writing descriptive text as a result of the use of magic card media. The research was conducted in tenth grade at SMKN 4 Bengkulu city in the second semester of the Academic Year 2016- 2017. This research was also conducted to find out the students’ improvement levels of knowledge and learning attitudes during the learning period. The method used in the research was Classroom Action Research with technique of cycles, consisting of cycle I and cycle II. The data collection tool used for quantitative data was in the form of written daily test and the tools for qualitative data were observation, self-reflection, and peer-review sheets as well as performance appraisal rubrics. The research results showed that magic card media could improve the skills in writing descriptive text.</p> 2020-11-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Fajar Krisitina http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/67 Developing a Communicative English Syllabus for Journalistic Students 2020-11-16T03:17:48+00:00 Resha Prastika reshaprastika27@gmail <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>This study was designed as a developmental research with eight steps (identifying the problem, collecting the data, designing the syllabus, validating the syllabus, revising the syllabus, trying out the syllabus, revising the syllabus, and creating the final syllabus) which was aimed at finding the needs of English teaching materials for journalistic students in Universitas Bengkulu and developing a communicative English syllabus for journalistic students in Universitas Bengkulu. The populations of this study were journalistic students, journalistic alumnus, journalistic lecturers, and stakeholders as well. The samples of this study were selected with random techniques sampling, so that the samples became 32 journalistic students, 4 journalistic alumnus, 2 journalistic lecturers, and 2 stakeholders at TV station (ESA TV and BETV). The instruments used were a set questionnaire items and a set of interview adapted from Wikjayanti (2012: 92-112) in order to collect the data. The researcher used needs analysis to find out the students’ needs of English. The result of the study showed that listening skill gained 97%, speaking skill gained 100%, reading skill gained 97%, and writing skill gained 94%. From the result of data analysis, a syllabus was designed based on communicative approach for Journalistics study program in Universitas Bengkulu.</p> 2020-11-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Resha Prastika http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/63 Independent Learning: English Teachers’ Problems in Designing a Good Lesson Plan in New Normal Era at MAN Rejang Lebong 2020-11-16T01:22:58+00:00 Eka Apriani dadan.supardan@uinmataram.ac.id Dadan Supardan dadan@gmail.com Syafryadin syafryadin@unib.ac.id Noermanzah noermanzah@unib.ac.id Maysaroh Umami umamimaysaroh@gmail.com <p>The objective of this study was to find out English Teacher Problems in designing a good lesson plan in new normal era at MAN Rejang Lebong. This study is a qualitative research by using interview. Interview is used to find out the data about English Teacher Problems in designing a good lesson plan in new normal era at MAN Rejang Lebong. Interview is given to Two English Teacher at MAN Rejang Lebong. The results showed that English teacher have problems in designing a good lesson plan. They were (1) English Lecturer have limited time in designing Lesson Plan, (2) there are many aspect or procedure in designing lesson plan, (3) English teacher felt difficulties in choosing the methods, strategies, and material for students, and (4) English teacher felt difficulties in designing evaluation test for students.</p> 2020-11-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Eka Apriani, Dadan Supardan, Syafryadin, Noermanzah, Maysaroh Umami http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/68 A Study on How English Teachers Use Commercially Published Textbooks in the Classroom 2020-11-16T12:22:50+00:00 Fitra Andana pituloboengsu@gmail.com <p>The score of the students was caused by several possible, such as, insufficient of teaching material, lack of environmental support for the students’ success in mastering English. The problem of this study are; (1) how the teacher realize textbooks in the classroom; (2) is there any differences between the experienced teachers and the inexperienced teachers in realizing and presenting the textbooks in the classroom; and (3) what suggestion can be made to the teachers in order to help them realize the textbooks in the classrooms more effectively. The objectives of this study were to investigate the junior English teachers in Bengkulu city use commercially published textbooks in the classroom. This study is expected to be useful for the researcher and teachers in general, because in the process of teaching and learning in the classroom, teachers can use and improve their knowledge generally in education particularly in teaching English as a foreign language and especially for the teachers who want to take the English textbooks in the classroom. The samples of this research was three experienced teachers with at least eight years of experience and three inexperienced teachers with four years experiences. This research used purposive random sampling. The data of this research was collected by giving the teachers questionnaire which consisted of twenty six questions, teacher’s lesson plan, and classroom observation. The data was analyzed by using descriptive qualitative technique. The result showed that there are a lot of differences between the experienced teachers and the inexperienced teachers in presenting the textbooks in the classroom.&nbsp; The junior English teachers realize and presenting the textbooks in the classroom, they do with many ways, such as in giving evaluation, in giving a homework, in using media, in explaining the language focus, they used English and Bahasa Indonesia with a lot of examples. The suggestions were: (1) the teachers should be always give a praise to the students; (2) teacher should more control the class; (3) teacher should selecting material which are suitable with the students ability; (4) using “in group” activity is the most important too, to make the class more interesting.</p> 2020-11-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Fitra Andana http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/69 Improving Students’ Ability in Writing Descriptive Text by Using Webbing Technique 2020-11-16T12:50:49+00:00 Puspita Yudaningrum puspitayudaningrum@gmail.com <p>Writing is one skill which must be mastered by the students. This skill is used for written communication especially in academic purpose. In other hand, writing is still being a difficult skill faced by the students. This research aimed to investigate the extent that Webbing technique could improve students’ ability in writing a descriptive text at SMAN 3 Kota Bengkulu. The design was classroom action research and conducted in three cycles. Each cycle consisted of four stages namely: planning, action, observation, and reflection. The subjects consisted of 13 males and 23 females students of the school. The instruments were a writing test, field-notes, and interview. The test data of this research were descriptive quantitative. The result was as follows. The test showed that students who passed the standard score compared to before treatment were significantly increased at the end of cycle 1. It also increased at the end of cycle 2 and at the end of cycle 3. The result showed increasing ability in writing. Non-test data showed that Webbing technique helped the students in developing ideas. It helped the teacher in controlling, guiding and helping students to increase attention, interest, and participation. The conclusion was that Webbing technique could improve students’ writing ability.</p> 2020-11-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Puspita Yudaningrum http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/70 Improving Students’ Writing Skill in Descriptive Text Through Animation Pictures at Grade VIII of SMPN 15 Bengkulu 2020-11-16T13:09:05+00:00 Desma Yuzahana desmayuzahana10@gmail.com <p>This study was classroom action research. The aim of this study was to investigate animation pictures whether or not can improve students’ writing skill in writing descriptive text at grade VIII A of SMPN 15 Kota Bengkulu. An animation picture is simply a series media of still photos shown through a slideshow, show steps in a progress, or movements of pictures. It is useful for the teacher to make effective media, and add interest to the teacher’s teaching. And also the students would be motivated what they want to write. The participants of this research were 32 students. They were 24 girls and 8 boys. The instruments of this research were students’ writing product and observation checklist of students’ activities. This research was conducted three cycles and the evaluation of tasks was administered at the end of each cycle. The result showed that animation pictures has improved the students’ writing skill in descriptive text. Animation pictures were effective media in improving students’ writing skills in writing descriptive text. The students were interested in animation pictures and motivated to write a descriptive text. Improvement of students’ writing skill was significantly good. They could express the ideas, some students could write descriptive text well.</p> 2020-11-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Desma Yuzahana http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/71 Improving Students’ Vocabulary Achievement Through Possible Sentence (PS) Strategy 2020-11-16T13:34:46+00:00 Wiwit Akriani wiwitakriani96@gmail.com Nadrah nadrahada@gmail.com Riswanto riswanto@gmail.com <p>The aim of this research was Improving Students’ Vocabulary Achievement through Possible Sentence (PS) Strategy <em>(Classroom Action Research at the fifth Grade Students of 37 Kaur in Academic Year 2017/2018)</em><em>.</em> This study applied Classroom Action Research (CAR) method. The respondents of this research were the Eighth Grade Students of SDN 37 Kaur in Academic year 2017/2018. The data were collected by asking the students to Vocabulary test, observation, interview, and documentation. The result proved that <em>Possible Sentence (PS) Strategy </em>could improve the students’ Vocabulary test at the fifth Grade Students of 37 Kaur in Academic Year 2017/2018. It can be seen from improvement that the students made in test score and the progress of their behavior in the classroom. The students’ average score in pre-assessment test was (61) that included into “Moderate” category; and average score in cycle III test was (76.86) that included into “Good” category. Then, the students’ behavior in learning English was also improved. The students looked silent, serious, and cheerful in the process of teaching and learning, enjoyed the class very much, and had good participation in study group. It means that the students had good interaction with teacher and other students in the classroom. Furthermore, the students learning motivation was better.</p> 2020-11-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Wiwit Akriani, Nadrah , Riswanto http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/72 Learning English Activity in STIE Bina Karya During the Pandemic 2020-11-17T00:00:51+00:00 Haya Haratikka hayaharatikka@gmail.com <p>Corona virus is a worldwide disease which affect human life. Students cannot have their face to face class, now it has changed. The use of internet connection is highly increased, particularly in joining the online learning application. To stop&nbsp; covid 19 community transmission, government rule of the technology implementation become the choice in education to keep going the education system. &nbsp;Blended learning was the learning method implemented in STIE Bina Karya, especially in learning English. This was a qualitative research which is to find out the blended learning implementation in English subject in STIE Bina Karya.&nbsp; From the thirty eight informants, it found that the implementation of the five online learning platforms (<em>Google Classroom, WhatsApp, Zoom Meeting, Youtube, Google Form) </em>in learning English have some obstacles. The major obstacles were the limited internet data package and the unstable internet connection. Therefore <em>Google Classroom</em> and <em>WhatsApp</em> were the favourable online learning application, while <em>Zoom Meeting</em> and <em>Youtube</em> were dislike since they need the stable internet connection and they need a lot of internet quota.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-11-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Haya Haratikka http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/73 Language Attitude of SMA Negeri 10 Pentagon Students in English, Indonesia and Regional Language 2020-11-17T11:59:42+00:00 Selvi Maryati selvimaryati@gmail.com <p>This study aimed to obtain information about the language attitudes of students of SMA Negeri 10 Pentagon towards English, Indonesian and students regional language.This study conducted through observing the students language activities during school.The result of this studyare: <em>first</em>, students' attitudes towards English Language depend on the context in which and to whom the language is spoken. Positive attitudes towards English arise when students speak to the speakers who use English as their first language or who cannot speak Indonesian, such as volunteer from foreign country:&nbsp; Australia, Czech, and Vietnam. Then a positive attitude towards English appears when students are in the formal realm and speak to the speakers that they think have an interest in the use of English, such as English teachers. Also when the students speaking to a certain speakers who have an English educational background such as the head of administration at this school or to educators and education personnel who have an ability to speak English. In addition, a positive attitude towards English also appears when students are in the English speaking zone and on English speaking days. Meanwhile, negative attitudes appear when speech events occur in both the formal and informal realms, and speak with speakers who use the regional language or Indonesian as their first language, speakers who have no interest in the use of English in schools, speakers that they consider do not have the ability to speak English, when the students are outside the English speaking zone, and on the day that not compulsory to speak English. <em>Second</em>, the attitude of students towards Indonesian depends on the context in which and with whom the language is spoken. Students' positive attitudes towards Indonesian emerged in a variety of formal contexts and among speakers from outside Bengkulu Province and with older speakers. <em>Third</em>, students' attitudes towards local or regional languages also depend on the context in which and to whom the language is spoken. Positive attitudes towards regional languages arise when students are in the non-formal realm and speak with the speakers from the same area and peer speakers, whereas negative attitudes arise when speech events occur in the formal realm and speak with speakers from different areas and respected speakers.</p> 2020-11-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Selvi Maryati http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/74 The Effect of Learning Style-based Strategy on Students’ Vocabulary Development 2020-11-17T15:31:59+00:00 Septyara Lingce septyaralingce@gmail.com Gita Mutiara Hati gitamutiara@unib.ac.id Indah Damayanti indah_0789@yahoo.co.id <p>This pre-experimental research was designed to investigate the effect of learning style-based strategy toward vocabulary development of kindergarten students. 15 students in class B2 TK IT Auladuna Bengkulu city were involved in this study and treated by visual and verbal memorizing technique during 6 meetings. The data were collected by pre-test, post-test, and observation checklists. The data were analyzed by software SPSS version 16.00. There were some findings of this research. First, 11 out of 15 students in class B2 TK IT Auladuna tended to be visual learner and the other 4 students tended to be verbal learner. Second, according to the hypothesis testing by SPSS, the value of sig. 2-tailed could not fulfill the requirements of significance value. Hence, null hypothesis (H0) was accepted. This means that learning style-based strategy is not effective for children’s vocabulary development. Third, even though the strategy is not effective, the data analysis by SPSS showed a small improvement of students score after getting the treatment. The results imply that learning style-based strategy is not effective for children’s vocabulary development at TK IT Auladuna Bengkulu City.</p> 2020-11-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Septyara Lingce, Gita Mutiara Hati, Indah Damayanti http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/75 The impact of Using English Curriculum Design Based on Industry Needs in English Teaching on Vocational School to Improve Students Motivation and Skill for Industry Standard Working Communication 2020-11-17T16:12:53+00:00 Ahmad Nasihin ahmad_nasihin21@yahoo.com <p>The output of vocational school still has lower competence in English communication for industrial standard, so it needs innovative English curriculum to solve this gap. This research presents the result of implementing English Curriculum Based on Industry Needs (ECBIN) on vocational school. Following Rashidi (2016) this research uses questioners to find the perception of students and industry ECBIN. Students and industry perception also is collected from interview to36 students and 5 managers of Industry uses vocational output as workers. To find out the impact of implementing ECBIN on vocational school to the students skill, this research conduct experimental activity.&nbsp; The result of research shows that the firstly the competence of students after treatment ECBIN, students’ competence increased by average of speaking score 75.58, listening 72.65, reading 80.34 and writing 78.56 for average. The score of students before treatment is 65.30 for speaking, 54.35 for listening, 70.12 for reading and 60.45 for writing skill. Secondly, it is found that students perception to ECBIN shows positive significantly 65,45 % agree and&nbsp; 11,57% students are strongly agree. Thirdly, Industries stated 61,11% agree and 17,60 % are strongly agree that ECBIN is very useful to support the output of vocational school for their career. So it can be concluded that English Curriculum based on industry or work field is more effective and useful for students and also companies. Vocational school in Indonesia should change English curriculum from general English to ESP.</p> 2020-11-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ahmad Nasihin http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/76 Grammatical Analysis of Fifth Semester Students Essay on Microsoft Office Grammar Checker 2020-11-17T23:58:42+00:00 Muhammad Alkamillah alka2011@gmail.com <p>The objective of this research was to describe the types of grammatical error analyzed by Microsoft office grammar checker 2013 in essay writing at fifth semester student of English education study program in university of UMB. All of the essay on fifth semester student in the academic year of 2016/2017 was the object of this research. 71 essays from all the student has been collected for this research. The design of this research was descriptive qualitative method. The instrument of this research was Microsoft office word grammar checker 2103. The data has been tabulated into grammatical rules on Microsoft office grammar checker 2013 which categorized the grammatical error into capitalization, fragments and runs on, misused word, negation, noun phrase, possessive and plurals, punctuation, questions, relative clause, subject verb agreements, and verb phrase. The data was analyzed by checking all the possibility of the grammatical error on student essay writing using Microsoft office grammar checker 2013. The result of this research showed that the type of grammatical error in fifth semester student essay analyzed by Microsoft office grammar checker 2103 were on capitalization, fragments, misused word, possessive and plural, punctuation and subject verb agreement. Moreover, the weaknesses of this program were not able to check the pronoun capitalization error and runs-on sentence<strong>.</strong></p> 2020-11-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Muhammad Alkamillah http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/77 Improving Students’ Speaking Ability By Using Something Old Something New Game 2020-11-18T00:25:06+00:00 Eta Kumalasari etakumalasari25@gmail.com Risnawati risnawati@gmail.com Detti Lismayanti d.lismayanti@gmail.com <p>The objective of this research is to find out whether <em>the use of </em><em>something old something new</em><em> game</em> can improve students’ speaking ability. Classroom action research was implemented in SMPN 18 Seluma. The sample of this research was seventh grade students of SMPN 18 Seluma in academic year 2017/2018. This research was carried out in three cycles of actions, namely cycle I, cycle II, and Cycle III. The data collection method used in this research consist of interview, speaking test, observation, and documentation. The result of the data analysis showed that there was improvement from 37.51 % become 86.00 % toward students speaking ability. The students also behave well during teaching and learning process. Thus, the researcher concluded that <em>something old something new game</em> was effective to improve students’ speaking ability.</p> 2020-11-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Eta Kumalasari, Risnawati, Detti Lismayanti http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/78 An Analysis of Discourse Markers Used By Students in Writing Argumentative Text 2020-11-18T03:04:25+00:00 Junitri Dian Syahdanis junitridiansyahdanis4@gmail.com <p>This study was designed as analytical research that aimed to analyze Discourse Markers (DMs) used by students in the argumentative text. In this research, the instrument used was a writing test. The theories used were from Fraser (1999:931) combined Martinez (2004:63) to find the dominant of Discourse Markers and Kao and Chen (2011:310) to find the accuracy of Discourse Markers written by the students. The subjects of this study were 78 fifth-semester students of the English study program at Bengkulu University in the academic year of 2018/2019. The result of the study showed that there were four categories of Discourse Markers by Fraser’s (1999:931) which were Contrastive, Elaborative, Inferential, and Reason Discourse Markers and collaborated with Martinez’s (2004:63), there were two more additional categories (Conclusive and Exemplifiers Discourse Markers). The dominant Discourse Markers found was Elaborative Markers (33.91%) where marker ‘<em>Also’</em> written about 101 occurrences (29.28%). It implies that in writing argumentative text, the students tended to elaborate on the concepts rather than conclude, give a justification, show comparison, infer, and give examples. Furthermore, the outcome also revealed that most of the students were able to use Discourse Markers correctly in writing argumentative text because only 18 (5.19%) were found to be unacceptable from 345 Discourse Markers where three categories found were Overuse, Wrong Relation, and Semantic Incompletion.</p> 2020-11-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Junitri Dian Syahdanis http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/79 Analysis of the TOEFL Mastery of Postgraduate Program (S2) at Bengkulu University 2020-11-18T04:09:17+00:00 Syahrial eric.syahrial@gmail.com Syafryadin Syafryadin syafryadin@unib.ac.id <p>One of the qualities of graduates at undergraduate and postgraduate level is having the ability to speak English. This is believed to be a preparation for the era of globalization where communication between countries is getting easier. The ability to speak English is actually a life and academic skills that support the development of Indonesian people, especially in the field of technology transfer and economic growth. That is what Bengkulu University hopes by implementing the TOEFL policy as a prerequisite for the thesis examination as well as the prerequisites for graduation and graduation. Ironically, the data of the last few years shows that the average student, which was focused on postgraduate students, has not entirely succeeded in achieving the minimum TOEFL score set, which is 400. With a survey design, this study involved graduate program students who were prospective graduates of the University of Bengkulu as the data source which gave TOEFL scores as research data. The research data were analyzed quantitatively by using mean score, frequency and percentage values.</p> 2020-11-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Syahrial, Syafryadin Syafryadin http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/80 The Impact of Think Aloud Technique on the Students’ Reading Comprehension 2020-11-18T08:13:03+00:00 Torian Putra tho_rhati@yahoo.co.id <p>The purpose of this study was to see and see the effect of think aloud techniques on students' reading comprehension. This research is an experimental quays study because it consists of two variables. Think Aloud technique as variable one (X) and ability to read comprehension as variable two (Y). Then the researcher measures the impact of the impact of one variable on variable two. So, a suitable type of research is a dock experimental study. This experiment was conducted at SMAN 1 Ujan Mas. The population consisted of three classes with a total of 49 students. After homogeneity testing was carried out, two classes were obtained as research samples. Class XII IPA 2 as an experimental group with 11 students and class XII IPA 1 as a control group. So, the sample size is 23 students. The results of this experiment show that the value of this technique is lower than that of the hard thinking technique. Finally, based on the research objectives above, the think aloud technique is still an effective choice used in improving students' reading comprehension. That is, the technique of thinking aloud can be used to improve reading comprehension.</p> 2020-11-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Torian Putra http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/81 Translation Techniques Analysis of English – Indonesian in Samsung Manual Book 2020-11-18T08:27:35+00:00 Tarina Dashela tarinadashelaa@gmail.com <p>This research aimed at analyzing and describing the types of translation technique found in Samsung manual book. The data were analyzed through translation technique stated by Molina and Albir (2002). In this occasion, the researcher focused on the types of translation techniques which covered borrowing, free modulation, generalization, literal translation, particularization, reduction, and transposition, found in Samsung manual book from English (as source language) into Bahasa Indonesia (as the target language). Problems discussed in this research were 1) what types of translation found in Samsung manual book? And 2) what are the most frequent types of translation techniques found in Samsung manual book? To solve the problems, descriptive qualitative method was implemented in this research. The data were taken from each sentence or phrase in English into Indonesian. Finally, the researcher found seven techniques used in Samsung manual book. In addition, the high percentage is Literal Translation which is 76.4%.</p> 2020-11-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Tarina Dashela http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/82 Implementing Blended Learning to Teach Listening for University Students 2020-11-18T12:11:42+00:00 Hellen Astria hellenastria1907@gmail.com <p>In the context of language acquisition, listening comes first before the other three skills (speaking, reading, and writing). &nbsp;That is the reason of why language teachers or lecturers need to think of how to incorporate listening into the teaching process and facilitate the students to have opportunities both inside and outside the classroom to expose them to significant listening input. On the other hand, students need interesting and enjoyable materials to understand lstening, blended learning is one of the solution to attract students’ interest in learning listening. The primary focus of this article is to observe the implementation of blended learning in teaching listening. At the end, the implemetation of blended learning is hoped to offers ways for lecturers to be more effective in the teaching and learning process and brings positive outcomes for the students.</p> 2020-11-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Hellen Astria http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/83 A Study of Students’ Reading Interest of English Diploma III Study Program at University of Bengkulu 2020-11-18T12:32:38+00:00 Yunita Antasari antasariyunita@gmail.com Gita Mutiara Hati gitamutiara@unib.ac.id Indah Damayanti indah_0789@yahoo.co.id <p>This study aimed to find out and identify students’ reading interest of English Diploma III study program at university of Bengkulu. The populations of this research were all students of English Diploma III University of Bengkulu, in which there were four classes, first semester consist of one class, third semester consist of two classes, and fifth semester consist of one class. The total numbers of the population are 115 students. The researcher took all the population as the sample in this research. The instruments of this research were questionnaire and interview. The questionnaire consists of two sections. There are section A and section B.&nbsp; The data were analyzed by using percentage formula. The result of this research showed students’ reading interest of English Diploma III Study Program was low. The favorite type of English reading material was website (32%). Most of students choose education (26%) as their favorite genre of English reading material. Online (37%) was the favorite sources of reading material. Then, more than half of students tend to choose bedroom (74%) as their favorite reading spot. On the other hand, look for an interesting title (24%) as the favorite method when students want to get English reading material.</p> 2020-11-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Yunita Antasari, Gita Mutiara Hati, Indah Damayanti http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/84 An Analysis of Intrinsic Elements in Taare Zameen Par’s Film by Aamir Khan Production 2020-11-18T13:41:00+00:00 Ardiyansyah ardiyansyahalaufa@gmail.com Ria Anggraini rianggaraini@gmail.com Sinarmanjaya sinarmanjaya@gmail.com <p>The objective of this research was to know and describe about the intrinsic elements (theme, characters, plot, setting, point of view, and style) in <em>Taare Zameen Par’s Film by Amir Khan Production. </em>This research was designed by using descriptive method; it’s used to get the description about something by analyzing, interpreting, and concluding. In this case the researcher described about the intrinsic elements (theme, characters, plot, setting, point of view, and style) in <em>Taare Zameen Par’s Film by Amir Khan Production</em>. In collecting the data,&nbsp; the researcher used documentation technique and he had done some steps, firstly watching the film, make a synopsis, read the script film and mark on the parts of connection intrinsic elements in the “<em>Taare Zameen Par’s&nbsp; Film by A</em><em>amir</em> <em>Khan </em><em>&nbsp;P</em><em>roduction</em><em>”</em>. The last was analyzed the data.The result of this research showed that there are In the&nbsp; intrinsic elements in Taare Zamen Par film consist of : 1.&nbsp; Theme, 2. Character (major and minor character, protagonist and antagonist, flat and round character, static and developing character,&nbsp; typical and neutral character) 3. Plot, 4. Setting (setting of time and setting of place), 5. Point of view (the third person point of view), and 6. Style Based on the result of the research above, so the researcher suggests; (a) the research about intrinsic elements of the film is still less, so the researcher hopes that the further students can take the other title especially about film to get many information of the film itself such as intrinsic elements as something that had been done by researcher, (b) the literature or prose lecturers can use the result of this research as one of their resource knowledge for their material in the classroom.</p> 2020-11-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ardiyansyah, Ria Anggraini, Sinarmanjaya http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/85 The Need Analysis for Nursing English Speaking Materials for the First Semester’s Student of Nursing Study Program 2020-11-19T04:48:13+00:00 Erlinda Rizal erlinda.rizal@gmail.com <p>The objective of this research was to search the needs of Nursing English speaking materials for the first semester’s student of Nursing Study Program at Poltekkes Kemenkes Bengkulu. The design of this research was a qualitative descriptive research. The populations of this research were doctors, nurses, and lecturers. The samples of this research were five doctors, five nurses, and five lecturers. The instrument used in this research was a questionnaire. The results of the research showed that there are three parts of the needs for nursing English speaking materials, that are Interactive communication for nurse in the hospital, Interactive communication for nurse to talk to the patient in the hospital, and Interactive communication for nurse to talk to the patient’s family<em>. </em>For Interactive communication for nurse in the hospital there are three needs that are Vital signs, Patient's blood transfusion and infusion, and the endorsement. For Interactive communication for nurse to talk to the patient in the hospital there are four needs that are Patient's complete data, Doctor’s instruction, Foods to be consumed, and prevent patient to do harmful actions. The last, for Interactive communication for nurse to talk to the patient’s family there are three needs that are Medical records of the patient, the forbidden foods, and Take care of patient cooperatively.</p> 2020-11-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Erlinda Rizal http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/86 Contrastive Study of Personal Pronouns in English and Spanish 2020-11-19T05:09:05+00:00 Maria Christyolin maria.cm.hutauruk0203@gmail.com <p>This study was conducted to describe simmilarities and dissimilarities of the uses of personal pronouns in English and Spanish. A contrastive and descriptive research were carried out to find and to analyze the data. The study findings show that there are some simmilarities of the uses of personal pronouns in English and Spanish. Both English and Spanish have the same function as nominative, occupying the subject, and as accusative occupying the function of the object.&nbsp; The dissimilarities are on the fact that on Spanish, most pronouns have a gender, namely ; masculine and feminime and Spanish has pronouns in addressing anyone whom we respect, someone that older than us, someone whom we meet for the first time the second person singular and plural in the formal form. Proonoun in different position in spanish has the same form, Spanish does not have the specific forms for neuter gender</p> 2020-11-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Maria Christyolin http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/87 Innovative Learning to Enhance Effective English Learning 2020-11-19T07:32:33+00:00 Herlina Emilda emildaherlina1974@gmail.com <p>As educators in carrying out the process of learning and teaching will always be focused on how to deliver material to students well, so that students will understand teaching materials. The objective of this article was to describe some strategies and media used to create innovative learning to enhance effective English learning. Learner understanding is important in the teaching and learning process because it is the final result of the learning and teaching process. The final result is also accompanied by an equally important thing, namely the existence of a strategy in the innovative learning and teaching process that creates effective learning. The result of this study indicated that some platform was very potential to be developed as an innovative media for learning English language that can be used in virtual class of teaching and learning forum on ICT based. In brief, English teachers can use some platforms like Zoom, Google Meet in teaching and learning. Learning is called effective if it can facilitate students to achieve specified learning goals. For this reason, teachers need to develop strategies that are appropriate to the characteristics of students and be able to make it reach the competencies specified in the learning objectives. In this case the use of media is also needed in innovative learning. Innovative learning using learning strategies and the use of media are very important to create effective English language learning, especially the current COVID-19 pandemic situation.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-11-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Herlina Emilda http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/88 A Discourse Analysis of Rhetorical Style in Research Article Introduction in Law Studies Written by International Authors 2020-11-19T07:53:44+00:00 Ejontomi Afrizon ejontomiii@gmail.com Safnil Safnil safnil@unib.ac.id Zahrida zahrida@yahoo.com <p>This research is aimed at finding the most dominant move, step and the most common pattern of rhetorical style in Research Article Introduction in Law Studies Written by International Authors. The documentation technique and checklist were used in this research. Fifteen English RA introductions by International authors were analyzed by using discourse analysis technique, using quantitative as well as qualitative method and following Swales’ CARS Model (1990). The results show that the authors dominantly use Move 1 (Establishing a territory) and Step 2 of Move 1 (Making Topic Generalization). The fifteen articles mostly have the same model in leading to understanding to the article introduction. In addition, International authors of English RAs in Law Study prefer describing the phenomena and found the problem based on it to describing the previous research. The most common pattern is Complete Pattern. The articles which belong to Complete Pattern have three moves. While the one which has two moves belong to Semi complete and the one which has one move only belong to incomplete pattern. In conclusion, the articles in the three journals are categorized into appropriate articles in term of discourse structure.</p> 2020-11-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ejontomi Afrizon, Safnil Safnil, Zahrida http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/89 The Use of Zoom Cloud Meeting as an Innovative English Learning Media 2020-11-19T08:09:08+00:00 Melati melatijasmine87@gmail.com <p>The objective of this article was to describe the usage of Zoom Cloud Meeting as an innovative media for learning English language. This application also has invaded all aspects of life, especially in education field. However, this application has not been utilized optimally by English lecturers and teachers in teaching English, whereas Zoom is a potential media to help English lecturer in teaching English language. The method used in writing this article was literature based by collecting data and information that related to Zoom Cloud Meeting as a new technology for learning English. The result of this study indicated that Zoom Meeting was very potential to be developed as an innovative media for learning English language that can be used in virtual class of teaching and learning forum on ICT based. In brief, English teachers can use the Zoom Meeting as an alternative virtual media for Work from Home (WFH) or Teaching from Home (TFH) teaching and learning English language in COVID-19 Condition.</p> 2020-11-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Melati http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/90 The Implementation of Blended Learning in English Learning 2020-11-19T08:29:30+00:00 Yosi Marita yosi@unihaz.ac.id Elva Utami utamielva80@gmail.com <p>This research was conducted to analyze the implementation of blended learning. This study focused on the implementation of blended learning in English Subject in the first semester of Economic Study Program UNIHAZ Bengkulu academic year 2019/2020 that amounted to 25 students. The aim of this study is to describe how blended learning is implemented in the teaching and learning of English subject in Economic Study Program. The implementation of blended learning model in teaching and learning of English subject consist of the plan, the model integration, the involvement of learning content and adjective. &nbsp;Observation on the implementation of blended learning was done two stations of learning, consisting independent work and online learning. online learning is blended learning model that is used in learning. The model is balanced in combining face-to-face and online learning. The learning motivation scores in the cycles 2 can be from the data of learning motivation questionnaire that have six indicators. Based on the data observation, the high motivation score was being able to defend opinion (77, 10%) in the teaching and learning in this study program was enjoying and interesting.</p> 2020-11-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Yosi Marita, Elva Utami http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/91 Grammatical Cohesion of the Narrative Writing the Ninth Grade Students of Junior High School 2020-11-20T02:18:13+00:00 Nelly Kristiana nelly.tarkibkl@gmail.com <p>The aim of this study was to investigate the types of grammatical cohesive devices found in the narrative writing of the ninth-grade students of SMP Sint Carolus Bengkulu. This study employed descriptive research. The sample were the fifty narrative text written by the students. The data were analyzed by using observation checklist consisted with reference, substitution, ellipsis, and conjunction. The results of this study show that the students used only three types of grammatical cohesive devices to serve the cohesion of their writings of which reference 62.88% with personal reference as the dominant use. Then, it was followed by conjunction 34.63%, substitution 2.49%. However, there was no ellipsis in the writings. There were found 52 inappropriate uses of cohesive devices which are 22 from reference, 6 from substitution, and 24 from conjunction. It is concluded that understanding grammatical cohesion will help the students to create better writings since lacking understanding about grammatical cohesion leads the students to use inappropriate cohesive devices. Finally, it is suggested to the next researcher to conduct similar research in a larger scale.</p> 2020-11-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Nelly Kristiana http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/92 The Effect of REDW (Read, Examine, Decide, Write) Strategy on Student Reading Comprehension 2020-11-20T02:53:17+00:00 Juristian Adi Nata adinata1793@gmail.com <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>The objective of this research is to find the effect of reading, examine, decide, write (REDW) toward Student Reading Comprehension in Fourth Semester at English Education study Program of Muhammadiyah University&nbsp; of Bengkulu in Academic year 2018/2019. The research design of this research was experimental study that involved two group that are experimental and control group. The researcher took using purposive sampling. The subject of this research is 20 student for control Group and 20 student for Experiment group. Student Reading comprehension was measure by test reading text and question. In analyzing data, the researcher using SPSS 2.0 to know&nbsp; the differences score between using REDW Strategy and using conventional teaching technique. The result of this research teaching Reading use REDW Strategy effective to be applied at the fourth semester student of English education study program of muhammadiyah university of Bengkulu in academic 2018/2019. It can be seen on the result of posttest the mean of experimental group was 87 and the mean of control group was 72,5. The score of T-count&nbsp; from two group was 6,42. The value of T-table was 2,0244,so t-count was higher than t-table (6.42 &lt; 2.0244). from the result above the researcher give suggestion for: The result of This research give an information especially for the English lecturer about read, examine, decide, write (REDW) strategy, so the lecturer could consider to teach reading in the classroom because this strategy is one alternative strategy in developing student’s reading comprehension.</p> 2020-11-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Juristian Adi Nata http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/93 Students’ Fillers in Short Speeches: A Study at the Fourth Semester of the English Education Study Program of Universitas Bengkulu 2020-11-20T04:04:01+00:00 Rezky Atri Oktarin rezkyoktarin19@gmail.com <p>This research concerns in Fillers usage based on Rose’s theory (1994) for types of fillers, and Baleen and Strenstroms’ theory (2011) in functions of fillers. This research was designed as a descriptive qualitative research. The aim of this research was to find the fillers usage at the Fourth Semester of the English Education Study Program of Universitas Bengkulu. There were 16 subject of this research. In this research, the researcher identified the utterance from each student by using observation checklist. The results of this study showed that all of the students use fillers in their short speech. In this research the researcher found several uncategorized types of fillers because the fillers that appear cannot be classified neither lexicalized nor unlexicalized fillers the example of they is ‘’I want to learn’’. It happens because those uncategorized fillers are not phrases as the definition of lexicalized or unlexicalized filler. The researcher also found the function of fillers that the students use. Those functions are hesitating, empathizing, editing term, and time-creating devices. The researcher sure that this study can&nbsp; give contributions for the fillers information to the reader especially for the students of English Department Study Program of Universitas Bengkulu because almost all the students who researcher ask about fillers do not know what is fillers itself.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-11-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Rezky Atri Oktarin http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/94 An Analysis of Textbook for Banking Department Students Entitled English for Banking and Finance by Rosemary Richey 2020-11-20T06:30:06+00:00 Feny Martina feny1@gmail.com Syafryadin Syafryadin syafryadin@unib.ac.id Lisa Rakhmanina lisarakhmanina83@gmail.com Tiara Septa Della tiaraseptadella170998@gmail.com <p>The objective of this study was to identify whether the textbook entitled <em>English for Banking and Finance</em> by Rosemary Richey meet the fourth semester students of Islamic Banking Department in IAIN Bengkulu’s needs. Content analysis technique was employed in this study. The data was gathered by analyzing the textbook using the checklist containing the constructed criteria of textbook evaluation. In the data analysis technique, the percentage of criteria fulfillment was calculated by dividing the total of criteria points which were met in a textbook for each aspect with the total of criteria points in each aspect. It was then multiplied by 100%. The result showed that English for Specific Purpose (ESP) Textbook entitled <em>English for Banking and Finance </em>for fourth semester students of Islamic Banking Program has fulfilled the criteria of material completeness, Content Coverage, Presentation, Learner’s Factor, and Design determined by constructed criteria from the theory of some experts by achieving average score 87%. Of the five proposed criteria, the four criteria could be classified “good” namely material completeness 89%, presentation 80%, learner’s factor 100%, and design 89%. Another aspect, namely content coverage was “fair” by achieving 78%.</p> 2020-11-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 feny Martina, Syafryadin Syafryadin, Lisa Rakhmanina, Tiara Septa Della http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/95 The Implementation of CALL (Computer Assisted Language Learning) in EFL Classroom 2020-11-22T09:22:20+00:00 Selvia Irawan selviairawan74@gmail.com Zelvia Liska Afriani selviairawan74@gmail.com Riswanto riswanto@gmail.com <p>This study explores the implementation of CALL in the EFL classrooms at SMA Negeri 2 Kota Bengkulu and teachers’ perceptions of possible barriers to its implementation. The method design used in this study was a descriptive qualitative study. In conveying the data, there were two EFL teachers &nbsp;participated. The instruments used were observation checklists and interviews. The findings revealed that the EFL teachers in this school have a positive reaction in applying CALL as an English learning media despite they have limited computer skills. It is believable that computer technology could be used as a valuable instrument in reinforcing students to learn English by providing them a variety of language inputs and developing students’ language skills in real and authentic learning environment. From a variety of media that is used by English teachers in the classroom, they only used the existing CALL in the form of Google documents, Kahoot, and power points. In this situation, CALL is only used as an independent media because the teachers do not have the expertise to create their own. Hopefully, English teachers can be more active in participating in training, seminars and such kinds of activities that can improve their competence, especially in mastering CALL.</p> 2020-11-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Selvia Irawan, Zelvia Liska Afriani, Riswanto http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/96 An Analysis of Lexical Cohesion Types Used in the Thesis Discussion Section by English Study Program Students 2020-11-24T13:12:21+00:00 Daeng Farhan Kurniawan Saputra daengfarhan666@gmail.com <p>The type of this research is descriptive qualitative quantitative research. It is aimed to find out types of lexical cohesion used in the thesis discussion section and to know what is the most dominant lexical cohesion types used in the thesis discussion section. The objects of this study are 20 theses which conducted by English Department undergraduate students who graduated in August 2017 at Bengkulu University. In this research, the researcher collected the data by using checklist. Based on the data, the researcher gets the result that there are 997 lexical items found in 20 theses discussion section that used as research object. It was divided into six types named Repetition, Synonym, Antonym, Hyponym, Meronym and Collocation. They were categorized by Halliday and Hasan’s theory and supporting theory by Paltridge. Besides that, the researcher also found that the most dominant type of lexical item used by the thesis author is Repetition with 691 times from total of lexical cohesion in these theses discussion section</p> 2020-11-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Daeng Farhan Kurniawan Saputra http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/97 The Effect of Using Mnemonic Technique toward Students’ Vocabulary Mastery 2020-11-24T13:35:20+00:00 Nurdin ferdiganteng205@gmail.com <p>This study aimed to find out whether the use of Mnemonic technique affected the students vocabulary mastery. This study employed a quasi-experimental design. The subject of this study comprised 64 students of grade XII science class of SMAN 9 Kota Bengkulu. The instrument of this study was a vocabulary test. The experiment class was taught by Mnemonic technique, while the control class by contextual learning. In the pretest there was no significant difference in mastery between the experiment class (mean=71, 18) and control class (mean=68) with t count (0, 1) &lt; t table (df =62 sig 0, 05). After the use of Mnemonic technique, in the post test, there was a significant difference in mastery between the experiment class (mean=73, 51) and control class (mean=67, 53), with t-count (1, 99) &gt; t table (1, 67), (df =62; sig. 0, 05). It can be concluded that the use of Mnemonic technique was effective toward the Students’ vocabulary mastery at grade XII-Science Students of SMAN 9 Kota Bengkulu.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-11-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Nurdin http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/98 The Use of Instructional Teaching Strategy in Teaching English for Multilevel Classroom 2020-11-24T13:54:29+00:00 Joko Prayudha. S jokoprayudha@gmail.com <p><strong> </strong>The study was conducted to see the implementation of the instructional teaching strategy in teaching English to Multilevel classroom at UPB (Unit Pengembangan Bahasa) to bidikmisi students who take English course as compulsory subject at STAIN Curup. The design of this research was qualitative research which presented in descriptive way. The subject of this research are the tutors and the students of multilevel classroom. To collect data, interview used to find the basic information from the tutor about the condition and teaching strategy for multilevel classroom, then questionnaire used for the students to get the real answer of the situation in teaching English in Multilevel classroom. The result showed that tutors used variety of instructional teaching strategy such as lesson plan, student’s need, native language, self-access materials, group activity and evaluation and assessment to make students in multilevel classroom able to understand the English materials. The tutors always using different instructional teaching stratgey to promote success in English teaching learning process for multilevel students at UPB Stain Curup.</p> 2020-11-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Joko Prayudha. S http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/99 English Teachers’ Activities in Doing Pre-Teaching and Opening Teaching in the Classroom 2020-11-25T05:28:28+00:00 Nora Arseta novelarseta23@gmail.com Ivan Achmad Nurcholis ivan@gmail.com Eki Saputra eki@gmail.com <p>The aim of this research has investigated the activities in doing pre-teaching and opening teaching in the classroom used by English teachers in teaching English at senior high schools (SMA) in Bengkulu city. The design of this research was a qualitative method. The subject of this research was seven teachers in four senior high schools (SMA) in Bengkulu city. The data were collected by a video recorder, questionnaire and interview. The results of this research showed that activities done by English teachers in doing pre-teaching the teachers creating early learning conditions includes creating attitudes and attractive class atmosphere, students assign and creating readiness of students learning. In opening teaching, the activities done by teachers include attract attention, generate motivation, provide references and make connections.</p> 2020-11-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Nora Arseta, Ivan Achmad Nurcholis, Eki Saputra http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/100 The Current Practices of Extensive Reading in Literature Class 2020-11-25T06:12:31+00:00 Rizky Devi Ayustina rizkydevi96@gmail.com Feny Martina feny@iainbengkulu.ac.id Riswanto riswanto@gmail.com <p>This study aimed to find out the current practice of extensive reading in literature class at the third semester students of PBI IAIN Bengkulu in Academic Year 2018/2019. It applied descriptive qualitative research. The subject of this research were 36 students in Introduction to Literature Class in Class IIIB of English Education Program of IAIN Bengkulu. The data were collected by video recording, noting, questionnaire, and interview. The result showed that the third semester students of English language education study program of IAIN Bengkulu had good knowledge in extensive reading; the Literature class also applied the 9 from 10 principles of Extensive Reading in their teaching learning activities in the classroom; in the application in the classroom, most students had good attitudes proved with positive results from the application of extensive reading in the literature class, they were interested and enjoy their reading, although there were still some students who had low academic grades having difficulty in reading and analyzing short stories and make them could not enjoy their reading activities.</p> 2020-11-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Rizky Devi Ayustina, Feny Martina, Riswanto http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/101 The Use of Task-Based Language Teaching (TBLT) in Designing English Material for College Student 2020-11-25T06:52:34+00:00 Yovita Dyah Permatasari yovita89@inaifas.ac.id <p>The challenges of education system in this modern era are developing a theory and implementing of new learning design. Most of the educational system in the school and university is changing into an online learning. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the English materials which designing of the TBLT (Task-Based Language &nbsp;&nbsp; Teaching) method in online learning. It used the qualitative research method in conducting the study. By using interview, observation, and documentation techniques, the data will be examined deeply. The finding of this study obtains a syllabus design of English Materials by using TBLT (Task-Based Language Teaching). Consequences, students can develop their English skills in a good way, paperless and the process of learning is easy to conduct.</p> 2020-11-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Yovita Dyah Permatasari http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/104 The Importance of the Competence of Language Teachers in Providing Rewards and Punishments in Improving Student Learning Outcomes 2020-12-01T12:01:12+00:00 Noermanzah Noermanzah noermanzah@unib.ac.id Syafryadin Syafryadin syafryadin@unib.ac.id <p>The purpose of this paper was to describe the competence of language teachers in providing rewards and punishments in improving student learning outcomes. The method used is the literature review method. Data collection techniques use documentation techniques that are sourced from several reference data, such as books and the internet. Meanwhile, the data analysis technique consists of several steps, including: data reduction, data selection, synthesis, interpretation, and conclusion. The results of writing papers, namely the provision of rewards and punishments by language teachers can increase student motivation to learn so as to improve student learning outcomes. The language that is given when giving rewards and punishments is concrete, literal, and direct language.</p> 2020-12-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Noermanzah Noermanzah, Syafryadin Syafryadin http://ejournal.karinosseff.org/index.php/icotel/article/view/133 Gestalt Counseling in Overcoming Unfinished Business 2021-03-17T08:37:25+00:00 Syamsul Rizal syamsulrizal529@gmail.com Sudarwan Danim sudarwandanim@unib.ac.id Hadiwinarto hadiwinarto@unib.ac.id I Wayan Darmayana iwayandarmayana@unib.ac.id Fadila fadila@iaincurup.ac.id Eka Apriani eka.apriani@iaincurup.ac.id Jurianto jurianto@iaincurup.ac.id <p>The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Gestalt Counseling in overcoming unfinished business. This research is library research. In solving the problems of this research the writer uses a qualitative approach because it includes the application of a natural approach to the study of a problem related to individual behavior related to unfinished business. The results showed that Gestalt counseling in understanding unfinished business through six stages, namely: identification of unfinished business, investigating client memories, finding the strongest energy to emerge, generating feelings in the client's consciousness, modifying contacts and understanding unfinished business. Gestalt counseling in overcoming unfinished business in several ways, namely: experimentation, interpreting dreams, role playing, training sensitivity to body messages, groups, dialogue games, exercising my responsibility, playing projections, reversal techniques, staying with feelings. Finally, the advantages of Gestalt counseling in overcoming unfinished business are gestalt therapy dealing with the past by bringing relevant aspects of the past to the present, paying attention to nonverbal messages and body messages, refusing to acknowledge helplessness as an excuse for not changing, placing emphasis on the client to find meaning and its own interpretations, and stimulating relationships and expressing immediate feelings avoiding abstract intellectualization of the client's problem.</p> 2021-03-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Syamsul Rizal, Sudarwan Danim, Hadi Wiyanto, I Wayan Darmayana, Fadila, Eka Apriani, Jurianto