Language Attitude of SMA Negeri 10 Pentagon Students in English, Indonesia and Regional Language


  • Selvi Maryati University of Bengkulu


Language attitudes, positive attitudes, negative attitudes, formal realm


This study aimed to obtain information about the language attitudes of students of SMA Negeri 10 Pentagon towards English, Indonesian and students regional language.This study conducted through observing the students language activities during school.The result of this studyare: first, students' attitudes towards English Language depend on the context in which and to whom the language is spoken. Positive attitudes towards English arise when students speak to the speakers who use English as their first language or who cannot speak Indonesian, such as volunteer from foreign country:  Australia, Czech, and Vietnam. Then a positive attitude towards English appears when students are in the formal realm and speak to the speakers that they think have an interest in the use of English, such as English teachers. Also when the students speaking to a certain speakers who have an English educational background such as the head of administration at this school or to educators and education personnel who have an ability to speak English. In addition, a positive attitude towards English also appears when students are in the English speaking zone and on English speaking days. Meanwhile, negative attitudes appear when speech events occur in both the formal and informal realms, and speak with speakers who use the regional language or Indonesian as their first language, speakers who have no interest in the use of English in schools, speakers that they consider do not have the ability to speak English, when the students are outside the English speaking zone, and on the day that not compulsory to speak English. Second, the attitude of students towards Indonesian depends on the context in which and with whom the language is spoken. Students' positive attitudes towards Indonesian emerged in a variety of formal contexts and among speakers from outside Bengkulu Province and with older speakers. Third, students' attitudes towards local or regional languages also depend on the context in which and to whom the language is spoken. Positive attitudes towards regional languages arise when students are in the non-formal realm and speak with the speakers from the same area and peer speakers, whereas negative attitudes arise when speech events occur in the formal realm and speak with speakers from different areas and respected speakers.


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