Grammatical Cohesion of the Narrative Writing the Ninth Grade Students of Junior High School


  • Nelly Kristiana University of Bengkulu


cohesive device, narrative text, writing skill


The aim of this study was to investigate the types of grammatical cohesive devices found in the narrative writing of the ninth-grade students of SMP Sint Carolus Bengkulu. This study employed descriptive research. The sample were the fifty narrative text written by the students. The data were analyzed by using observation checklist consisted with reference, substitution, ellipsis, and conjunction. The results of this study show that the students used only three types of grammatical cohesive devices to serve the cohesion of their writings of which reference 62.88% with personal reference as the dominant use. Then, it was followed by conjunction 34.63%, substitution 2.49%. However, there was no ellipsis in the writings. There were found 52 inappropriate uses of cohesive devices which are 22 from reference, 6 from substitution, and 24 from conjunction. It is concluded that understanding grammatical cohesion will help the students to create better writings since lacking understanding about grammatical cohesion leads the students to use inappropriate cohesive devices. Finally, it is suggested to the next researcher to conduct similar research in a larger scale.


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