Grammatical Cohesion of the Narrative Writing the Ninth Grade Students of Junior High School
Keywords:cohesive device, narrative text, writing skill
The aim of this study was to investigate the types of grammatical cohesive devices found in the narrative writing of the ninth-grade students of SMP Sint Carolus Bengkulu. This study employed descriptive research. The sample were the fifty narrative text written by the students. The data were analyzed by using observation checklist consisted with reference, substitution, ellipsis, and conjunction. The results of this study show that the students used only three types of grammatical cohesive devices to serve the cohesion of their writings of which reference 62.88% with personal reference as the dominant use. Then, it was followed by conjunction 34.63%, substitution 2.49%. However, there was no ellipsis in the writings. There were found 52 inappropriate uses of cohesive devices which are 22 from reference, 6 from substitution, and 24 from conjunction. It is concluded that understanding grammatical cohesion will help the students to create better writings since lacking understanding about grammatical cohesion leads the students to use inappropriate cohesive devices. Finally, it is suggested to the next researcher to conduct similar research in a larger scale.
Adeani, I. S., Febriani, R. B., & Syafryadin, S. Using GIBBS reflective cycle in making reflections of literary analysis. Indonesian EFL Journal (IEFLJ). 6(2), 139-148.
Anggitasari, M., Tarwana, W., Febriani, R. B., & Syafryadin, S. (2020). Using Wattpad to Promote the Students’ Responses to Literary Works: EFL College Students’ Perspectives and Experiences of Enjoying Short Stories. Jadila: Journal of Development and Innovation in Language and Literature Education, 1(2), 182-192.
Bloor, M. and Bloor, Thomas. (1995). The Practice of Critical Discourse Analysis. London: Longman.
Bram, B. (1995). Write Well: Improving Writing Skills. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.
Brown, H. D. (2001). Teaching by Principles (An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy). Second Edition. San Fransisco: Longman Inc.
Creswell, J. W.(2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (4th Ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.
Dhillon, B. P. S., Herman, H., & Syafryadin, S. (2020). The Effect of Skimming Method to Improve Students’ Ability in Reading Comprehension on Narrative Text. Linguists: Journal Of Linguistics and Language Teaching, 6(1), 77-88.
Eggins, S. (2004). An Introduction to Systemic Functional Linguistics. London: Continuum International Publishing Group.
Febriani, R. B. Satinem., Nurnaningsih., Haryani., Syafryadin, Noermanzah.(2020). Conveying an author’s intention to efl readers: The meaning of “The Road Not Taken” by Robert Frost. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change (IJICC), 13(4), 172.
Halliday, M. and Hasan, R. (1976). Cohesion in English. London: Longman Group.
Handayani, S., Youlia, L., Febriani, R.B., Syafryadin, S. (2020). The use of digital literature in teaching reading narrative text. Journal Of English Teaching, Applied Linguistics And Literatures (JETALL). 3(2), 65-74.
Marianne, J. and Phillips, L. J. (2002). Discourse Analysis as Theory and Method. London: Sage Publications.
Martina, F., Syafryadin, S., & Utama, J. A. (2020). The Practice of extensive reading among EFL learners in tertiary level. Yavana Bhasha: Journal of English Language Education, 3(2), 56-72.
Martina, F., Syafryadin, S., Rakhmanina, L., & Juwita, S. (2020). The effect of time constraint on student reading comprehension test performance in narrative text. Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, 8(3), 323-329.
McCarthy, M. (2001). Issues in Applied Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Paltridge, B., & Starfield, S. (2007). Thesis and dissertation writing in a second language: A handbook for supervisors. London: Routledge.
Purba, R. and Sihaloho, R. (2017). Grammatical Cohesion in Students’ Writing Descriptive Text. Proceeding Seminar on: Method of Writing Article and Publishing in International Journal, Pematang Siantar: 20 April 2017. Page 99-104.
Rahmawati, I. N., Syafryadin, S., & Widiastuti, R. (2019). Teaching Narrative Writing Using Freaky Fables Game: An Experimentation. English Education: Jurnal Tadris Bahasa Inggris, 12(2), 147-155.
Trisnaningrum, Y. Alex., and Hidayat, D. (2019). Discourse analysis of grammatical cohesion devices in college students’ academic essays writing. Indonesian Journal of English Education, 6(1), 79-90.
Wibowo, Y., Syafrizal, S., & Syafryadin, S. (2020). An Analysis of English Teachers’ Strategies in Teaching Reading Comprehension. JALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics and Literacy), 4(1), 20-27
Copyright (c) 2020 Nelly Kristiana
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.